Plant the bulbils in late fall, before the ground freezes.
The soil needs to have a PH of 6.5-7.0 with composted manure worked in. If you have heavy soil, clay, then you will need to work in some sand. Garlic, if left in wet soil, will rot at the neck and will be good for nothing. The soil needs to drain. Roto till to a depth of 6 inches.
There should be no weeds or rocks in your planting. Bulbils do not compete with weeds! I use a rake and from both sides of a row, make a trench down the center for about 2-1/2 feet wide and about 2 inches deep. I sow the bulbils into the trench so that the largest bulbils have a spacing of about 3 inches apart. Next, I pull the soil over them in one sweeping motion to gently cover them loosely. I repeat from the other side of the trench until all are covered. I straw over them with some seed free, aged straw to a depth of 2-3 inches.
HOW TO PLANT CLOVES
First of all, it likes cold weather. It will grow in the South when planted just before the cold sets in but it loves to have a blanket of snow over it!
You must prepare the soil. Get a soil testing kit as you want your soil to be 6.5-7.0 PH. To begin with, if your soil is sandy loam, you are right where you want to be. If not, like most soils, you have clay. Clay soil is not best and needs to be amended. Composted cow manure, sand, lime for the PH, turn it the soil so it is loose, weed and rock free. I use about 90 to 180 Tons per acre of sand, worked in. If your soils drain and is enriched with composted manure, PH where it needs to be, I haven’t planted mine in raised beds. Many people do though, that’s your call. I begin prepping my soil, disc then rotor tilling, working the sand and manure in to about 8 inches deep the first time then manure again a few weeks later down to about 6 inches with the rotor tiller.
In Ohio, if cold, late September, if a nice temperate fall, then plant towards the end of October. I have planted all the way into early December with no ill effect on the finished product.
When planting cloves, don’t plant any ones that are damaged or bruised from when you broke them apart. Plant each clove one by one into a dibble hole. The basil root side goes down and the pointy part goes up. Cloves I plant to a depth of about 4 inches, spaced 5 inches apart. They shouldn’t be sprouting before the winter, but a little bit is ok. I cover the bed with a seed free good quality aged straw to a depth of 4 inches. There is some debate over when to cover. I usually plant and within a week I have the straw covering in place. Others wait until the first freeze to straw. I think it is all up to your busy schedule when you straw. But straw for sure as garlic growth loses to weeds. It doesn’t perform well against weeds so you will be pulling many more weeds if you don’t straw. Using aged straw as I do, saves me the step from pulling it back in the spring. I leave mine in place and don’t pull it back.
Felsogagy garlic, sliced thin and dehydrated. The full flavor remains. Grind, crush, or use whole as you would fresh, Delicious.
Dreams Grow Farm David Jones 1670 Lucas North Rd Lucas, OH 44843